Botanical Name: Achillea millefolium
Other Common Names: Common Yarrow, milfoil, staunchweed, white yarrow, sanguinary
Brief Description and Notes: There are hundreds of species of Yarrow; this one is the one native (or long-time naturalized) to all of the U.S. The straight species has white flowers (sometimes light pink); you will find many colorful cultivars and hybrids sold at nurseries. The leaflets are divided into more leaflets, giving the foliage a lacy or fern-like appearance. This is an excellent and hardy choice for a native, medicinal, and pollinator-supporting herb garden.
Where To Look For It: Common in sunny to partly shaded disturbed soils. Common in locally cultivated herb gardens. Can tolerate drought.
Ornamental Value: Delicate foliage and charming small flowers for summer
Ecological Value & Roles: Especially valuable for native pollinators; attracts beneficial insects while repelling pest insects; natural soil remediation; prevents soil erosion
Edibility and Other Human Use: The leaves and flowers are edible and have a sweet and licorice-like scent and flavor; can be used as a garnishing herb or as a spice (keep in mind too much heat will destroy the flavor). There are many, many medicinal qualities of this plant, including: wound-healing, infection-fighting, healing respiratory illness and digestive issues, fever cure, and balancing menstruation.