Botanical Name: Tilia spp.

Other Common Names: Linden, Basswood

Brief Description and Notes: A notable feature of the Linden leaves is that they are heart-shaped and serrated. The leaves of the Tilia americana, which is native to our region, are asymmetrical hearts, whereas the common but non-native Tilia cordata has more symmetrically heart-shaped leaves. Both have small but fragrant and medicinal flowers in late spring/early summer.

Where To Look For It: Deep and moist nitrogen-rich soil that isn’t acidic; often associates with Sugar Maple and White Ash. 

Ornamental Value: Tall and stately shade and street trees

Ecological Value & Roles: Especially loved by butterflies, native bees, and honey bees. Creates dense shade. 

Edibility and Other Human Use: The flowers are a gentle and cooling/relaxing medicine often used as tea;  often used to ease anxiety, grief, cramps, poor circulation, fever, and more.  The leaf can also be used medicinally although it isn’t as fragrant. 



Lady Bird Johnson Wildflower Center

Missouri Botanical Garden

USDA Forest Service: American Basswood